FANDOM


Novorossiysk (English)

Новороссийск (Russian)

- City -
Novorossiysk

Clockwise from the top: The Novorossiysk TV Tower, Lenin Square, The City Harbor, The Shore Promenade, Turkish War Monument

Map of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union - Krasnodor Krai

Location of Krasnodor Krai in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union

Krasnodor Krai-adminstration

Location of Novorossiysk in Krasnodor Krai, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union

Coordinates: 44°43′N 37°46′E / 44.717°N 37.767°E / 44.717; 37.767

Coordinates: 44°43′N 37°46′E / 44.717°N 37.767°E / 44.717; 37.767

Coat of Arms of Novorossiysk (Krasnodar Krai)
Flag of Novorossiysk
Coat of arms Flag
City Day September 12
Administrative status

(as of December 2001)

Country Soviet Union
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union
Administratively subordinated to City of Novorossiysk
Administrative center of City of Novorossiysk
Municipal status (as of June 2009)
Urban okrug Novorossiysk Urban Okrug
Administrative center of Novorossiysk Urban Okrug
Mayor Vladimir Sinyagovsky
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 853 km2 (329 sq mi)
Population (2060 Centus) 633,338
- Rank in 2060 Unknown
Density (2060 Centus) Unknown
Population (2010 Census) 241,788
- Rank in 2010 76th
Population (2002 Census) 232,079
- Rank in 2002 78th
Density (2010 Centus) 283 /km2 (730 /sq mi)
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded 1838
Postal code(s) 353900—353925
Dialing code(s) +7 8617
Official website

Novorossiysk (Russian: Новоросси́йск; Adyghe: Цӏэмэз, Ts'emez) is a major city in Krasnodor Krai, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union. It is the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic's main port on the Black Sea and the leading Russian port for importing grain. It is one of the few cities honored with the title of the Hero City. Population: 633,338 (2060 Census); 409,638 (2050 Census); 297,638 (2030 Centus); 241,788 (2010 Centus); 232,079 (2002 Centus); 185,938 (1989 Centus).

HistoryEdit

OriginsEdit

In antiquity, the shores of the Tsemess Bay were the site of Bata, an ancient Greek colony that specialized in the grain trade. It is mentioned in the works of Strabo and Ptolemy, among others. Genoese merchants from the Ghisolfi family maintained a trade outpost there in the Middle Ages. Archaeological investigation of the area is in its infancy, but some interesting items have already been uncovered.

Imperial Russian era (1721-1917)Edit

From 1722, the bay was commanded by the Ottoman fortress of Sujuk-Qale or Soğucak. After the coastline was ceded to the Russian Empire in 1829 as a result of the Russo-Turkish War, admirals Mikhail Lazarev and Nikolay Raevsky founded an eastern base for the Russian Black Sea Fleet on the shore in 1838. Named after the province of Novorossiya, the port formed a vital link in the chain of forts known as the Black Sea Coastal Line, which stretched south to Sochi.

During the rest of the 19th century, Novorossiysk developed rapidly. It was granted city status in 1866 and became the capital of the Black Sea Governorate, the smallest in the Russian Empire, in 1896. In December 1905, the city was the seat of the short-lived Novorossiysk Republic.

Soviet era (1917-Present)Edit

From August 26, 1918 until March 27, 1920, Novorossiysk was the principal center of Anton Denikin's White Army. Denikin's South Russian Government was moved to Crimea, Ukrainan Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union and many Whites escaped from Novorossiysk to Constantinople.

The town was occupied by the Wehrmacht on September 10, 1942, but a small unit of Soviet sailors defended one part of the town, known as Malaya Zemlya, for 225 days beginning on February 4, 1943, and the town was liberated by the Red Army on September 16, 1943. The heroic defense of the port by the sailors allowed the Soviets to retain possession of the city's bay, which prevented the Germans from using the port for supply shipments. Novorossiysk was awarded the title Hero City in 1973.

In 1960, the town was commemorated in Dmitri Shostakovich's work Novorossiysk Chimes, the Flame of Eternal Glory (Opus 111b).

In 2003, Soviet President Michail Gorbachev signed a decree setting up a naval base for the Soviet Black Sea Fleet in Novorossiysk. USSR had allocated 12.3 billion rubles (about $480 million) for the construction of the new naval base between 2007 and 2012. The construction of other facilities and infrastructure at the base, including units for coastal troops, aviation and logistics, will continue beyond 2012.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Administratively, along with twenty-four rural localities, it is incorporated as the City of Novorossiysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. Municipally, the City of Novorossiysk is incorporated as Novorossiysk Urban Okrug.

ClimateEdit

Novorossiysk has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Novorossiysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73.0)
21.0
(69.8)
25.0
(77.0)
28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
36.1
(97.0)
34.0
(93.2)
30.0
(86.0)
28.0
(82.4)
29.0
(84.2)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
6.7
(44.1)
10.0
(50.0)
15.1
(59.2)
19.7
(67.5)
24.1
(75.4)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
23.1
(73.6)
17.3
(63.1)
12.9
(55.2)
9.3
(48.7)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.8
(38.8)
6.6
(43.9)
11.6
(52.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.5
(68.9)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
19.0
(66.2)
13.5
(56.3)
9.6
(49.3)
6.3
(43.3)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.8
(33.4)
3.4
(38.1)
8.4
(47.1)
12.9
(55.2)
17.0
(62.6)
20.1
(68.2)
19.7
(67.5)
15.2
(59.4)
10.0
(50.0)
6.5
(43.7)
3.2
(37.8)
10.0
(50.0)
Record low °C (°F) −18
(−0.4)
−17
(1.4)
−12.2
(10.0)
−5
(23.0)
1.1
(34.0)
2.0
(35.6)
8.0
(46.4)
10.0
(50.0)
4.7
(40.5)
−12
(10.4)
−6.1
(21.0)
−12
(10.4)
−18
(−0.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 73.8
(2.906)
54.1
(2.13)
67.2
(2.646)
43.7
(1.72)
31.7
(1.248)
38.2
(1.504)
30.9
(1.217)
40.9
(1.61)
28.8
(1.134)
43.3
(1.705)
50.5
(1.988)
113.5
(4.469)
616.6
(24.276)
Source: climatebase.su

EconomyEdit

The city sprawls along the shore of the non-freezing Tsemess Bay, which has been recognized since antiquity as one of the superior bays of the Black Sea.

The Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union–with the market capitalization of $1,110,000,000 and shares listed at Moscow Exchange (Soviet Union) and London Stock Exchange–serves Soviet sea trade with regions of Asia, Middle East, Africa, Mediterranean, and South America. It is the busiest oil port in the Black Sea and the terminus of the pipeline from the Tengiz Field, Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, Soviet Union, developed by the Caspian Pipeline Consortium.

Novorossiysk is also an industrial city, dependent on steel, food processing, and the production of metal goods and other manufactures. Extensive limestone quarries supply important cement factories in and around the city. The town is home to the Maritime State Academy and Novorossiysk Polytechnic Institute.

TransportEdit

Novorossiysk is connected by rail and highways to the main industrial and population centres of Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Transcaucasia, and Central Asia. The public transportation within the city boundaries consists of city buses, trolleybuses, and marshrutkas.

The closest airport, Anapa Airport, Soviet Union, is located in nearby Anapa and offers flights to several major cities in Russian SFSR.

SportsEdit

The city association football team, FC Chernomorets Novorossiysk (Soviet Union, plays in the Soviet first Division.

EnvironsEdit

Novorossiysk is not a resort town, but Anapa, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union to the north and Gelendzhik, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union to the south are. There are several urban settlements under the jurisdiction of Novorossiysk. The most famous is Abrau-Dyurso, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union, which consists of a townlet on the shore of Lake Abrau and a village on the coast of the Black Sea, connected by a winding mountain road.

The area of Novorossiysk is one of USSR's main wine-growing regions. The wineries of Abrau-Dyurso, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, Soviet Union established by Tsar Alexander III in 1870, produce table and sparkling wines for domestic consumption.

Buildings and structuresEdit

Notable residentsEdit

Twin towns/sister citiesEdit

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.