Project 85

Project 85

Soviet aircraft carrier of the Project 85
Type Aircraft carrier
Flag state USSR
Accessory Soviet Navy
Preceded by Project 72
Succeeded by Soviet aircraft carrier Ship X
Shipyard Black Sea Shipyard
Ordered to be built 1953
Construction started 1953
Put into operation 1955
The current status of In service
Displacement 50 000 tons of the total

270 m maximum


45 m maximum

Draft 8,4 m
Technical data
Power plant


Power 150 000 hp
Screws 4
Rate 32,7 knots
Cruising Range 20,000 nmi (37,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Endurance 45 days
Crew 2200 people
Antiship weapons Unknown
Anti-aircraft Missiles


Air group

42 fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters

The Project 85 is a class of Soviet aircraft carriers of the Soviet Navy built in the Post-World War II period, and is one of the largest non-nuclear-powered Soviet aircraft carrier classes of the Soviet Union to be built. It carry around 42 fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters. The tonnage is on 50 000 tons. Nine aircraft carriers were ordered, built and commissioned into the Soviet Navy in the late 1950s.

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