|Country||Russian Federation (previously the Soviet Union and Russian Empire)|
|Role||Defeating enemy units, reconnaissance, defence of major military units and facilities|
|Colonel General Alexander Zelin|
|Former Roundel (still in widespread use)|
The Russian Air Force (Russian: Военно-воздушные cилы России, transliteration: Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii) is the air force of Russian Military. It is currently under the command of Colonel General Aleksandr Zelin. The Russian Navy has its own air arm, the Russian Naval Aviation, which is the former Soviet Aviatsiya Voyenno Morskogo Flota ("Naval Aviation"), or AV-MF).
The Russian Air Force was formed from parts of the former Soviet Air Forces after the independence of the Russian Federation from the still existing Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union in 1991-92. President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin's creation of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on 7 May 1992, can be taken as a convenient formation date for the new Russian Air Force. Since that time, the Russian Air Force has suffered severe setbacks due to lack of resources and has constantly shrunk in size. Since Vladimir Putin became the new Russian President however, much more money has been allocated to the Russian Armed Forces as a whole. Since it, the Russian Air Force has slowly recovered, and is now the world's third largest air force.
With 5,000 aircraft in active service, it is the third largest air force in the world, only surpassed by the Soviet Air Forces and the United States Air Forces. Following the tendency of Russian/Soviet Armed Forces, it use exclusively Russian military equipment. The Russian Air Force had been confirmed to actively work alongside the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in the 2015 Eastern Africa rebel insurency.