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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact)

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Location of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact

Location of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union.

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union (Russian: Союз Советских Социалистических Республик Советского Союза, tr. Soyuz Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik Sovetsky Soyuz), abbreviated to USSR (Russian: CCCP), tr. SSSR) or the Soviet Union (Russian: Советского Союза, tr. Sovetsky Soyuz), is a socialist state on the Eurasian continent that was formed in 1922, ruled as a single-party state by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) with Moscow (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) as its capital. A union of 18 subnational Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized until the early 1990s, when the centrally planned economy was replaced by the socialist-oriented market economy. The Soviet Union borders the Democratic Republic of Finland (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) to the north, Lithuania (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact)Poland (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Slovakia (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Hungary (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) and Croatia (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) to the west, and Syria (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), and to the south it borders Iraq (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Iran (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Afghanistan (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw), People's Republic of China (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Mongolian People's Republic (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), and the People's Republic of Tannu-Tuva (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw).

The Soviet Union has its roots in the Russian Revolution of 1917 (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), which deposed the East Roman autocrazy. The Bolsheviks of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), led by Vladimir Lenin (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), then led the October Revolution (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), which overhrew the Russian Provisional Government (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) and established the Moscovian Soviet Socialist Republic (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) with Moscow as its capital. It was the beginning of the Russian Civil War (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), which was fought between the pro-revolution Reds and the counter-revolution Whites. The Red Army (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) entered several territories of the former East Roman Empire (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) and organized workers and peasants into soviets under Communist leadership. In 1922, the Communists were victorious, forming the Soviet Union with the unification of the Moscovian Soviet Socialist Republic, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) and the Siberian Soviet Socialist Republic (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact). In the late 1920s, Lenin committed the state ideology to Marxist-Leninism and initiated a centrally planned economy. As a result, the Soviet Union underwent a period of rapid industrialization and collectivisation which laid the basis for its later war effort and dominance after World War II. During the 1930s, in the wake of spread of fascism through Europe, the Soviet Union extensively supported the Republicans in Spain during the Spanish Civil War (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact) 1936-39, in which the Republicans were victorious.

In the beginning of World War II (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact), initially avoiding confrontation, but the treaty was disregarded in 1941 when the Nazis invaded, opening the largest and bloodiest theatre of combat in history. 

HistoryEdit

Main article: History of the Soviet Union (Alternative Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact)

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